ST. PAUL — Tobacco smoking is down but vaping is still a problem among Minnesota teens, according to a statewide survey — and more are finding it harder to quit.
The 2020 Minnesota Youth Tobacco Survey, which polls 100 public schools at random, found that one in five high school students is using e-cigarettes.
The survey included, for the first time, questions on nicotine dependence in regard to vaping. Overall, 70% of students who had used e-cigarettes in the past 30 days reported one or more signs of dependence.
“Teens do not intend to get addicted to nicotine and underestimate the risk,” said Elyse Levine Less, executive director of the Tobacco-Free Alliance. “They are surprised how easy it is to lose control. I’ve heard kids say, ‘I wish I didn’t have to do this (vape)’ but can’t pinpoint when they lost their choice in the matter.”
The survey has been conducted by the Minnesota Department of Health since 2000 to provide information about the commercial tobacco use of young people and to design and evaluate prevention efforts.
Numbers for 2021 will be interesting, said Laura Oliven, MDH tobacco control manager, considering a number of factors that may influence the outcome.
Of the 100 public schools and classrooms surveyed, 34 participated in the study, which resulted in 2,184 students, or a 29% response rate. Past years have seen over 60% participate, but, due to COVID-19, the health department had less time in the field in 2020, having just distributed the survey about a month before students were sent home to do school virtually.
Oliven wonders how COVID-19 affected use but won’t know until the next survey is complete.
“One can only imagine what those numbers are now, with the isolation, depression and disconnectedness, with the youth being home over the last year,” she said.
Another factor that may influence the outcome is the Tobacco 21 law passed by the state last May, which made it illegal to sell tobacco products, including e-cigarettes, to customers under the age of 21. The law went into effect Aug. 1.
Some municipalities have tightened restrictions on the sale of flavored tobacco products, including menthol, which have long been criticized as a way tobacco companies attract young users.
In Ramsey County, six cities have passed regulations that restrict or prohibit the sale of flavored tobacco — Shoreview, Arden Hills, Roseville, Falcon Heights, Lauderdale and St. Paul.
A statewide ban on flavored products has been proposed at the Minnesota Legislature. The proposal, which is supported by some health care organizations, including Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Minnesota, thus far only has the support of Democrats in the House and Senate, and its prospects remained uncertain Tuesday, Feb. 23.
Efforts like these seem to be making a difference, the survey suggests.
E-cigarette use held steady in 2020 compared with 2017. Overall tobacco use declined to 21% of high school students and 4% of middle school students having used a tobacco product in the past 30 days, compared with 26% and 5% respectively in 2017.
The use of cigarettes and cigars has dropped to the lowest rates ever recorded by the survey. Just over 3% of high school students report smoking cigarettes over the previous 30 days — a steep decline from 2017. Cigar use among high school students is now also just as low.
The survey also provided insight into youth who vape marijuana. Among students who use e-cigarettes, 65% of high school students and 71% of middle school students had ever vaped marijuana, a statistically significantly increase from 2017.
How to get help
For youth ready to break free from nicotine addiction, Minnesota has a new program to help. “My Life, My Quit,” part of the state’s Quit Partner family of programs, is free and confidential. Coaches can help teens develop a quit plan, cope with stress, learn about nicotine and get ongoing support. Teens can chat with a coach online at MyLifeMyQuit.com or text “Start” to 36072.
Dave Orrick contributed to this report.